TINDAK PERINTAH DALAM WACANA KELAS: KAJIAN STRATEGI BERTUTUR DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH ALKHAIRAAT PALU

Ali Karim

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan strategi tindak perintah dalam wacana kelas, meliputi (1) strategi perintah guru dan penerapannya terhadap siswa, (2) strategi perintah siswa dan penerapannya terhadap guru, dan (3) strategi perintah siswa dan penerapannya terhadap sesama siswa . Dari analisis data ditemukan bahwa strategi tindak perintah guru dan penerapannya terhadap siswa meliputi strategi langsung dan tidak langsung. Strategi langsung mencakup strategi, yaitu (1) perintah biasa, (2) perintah dengan argumen, dan (3) perintah dengan keharusan. Strategi tidak langsung disampaikan lewat cara deklaratif dan interogatif. Sementara itu, dalam percakapan antara siswa kepada guru, tindak perintah disampaikan lewat strategi tidak langsung. Kedua, dalam percakapan sesama siswa, tindakan perintah disampaikan lewat strategi langsung.

This research aims at describing the strategy of command action in classroom discourse, covering (1) the teacher's command strategy and its application toward students, (2) the students' command strategy and its application towards teacher, and (3) the students' command strategy and its application toward the classmates. From the analysis of the data, it is found that the strategy of the teacher's command action and its application toward the students involve both direct and indirect strategies. The direct strategy includes (1) common command strategy, (2) direct command with argument, and (3) direct command with obligation. The indirect strategy is delivered in declarative and interrogative modes. Meanwhile, in the conversation between students and teacher, the command actions are delivered in indirect strategy. Secondly, in the conversation among students, the command actions are deliavred in direct strategy.


Keywords


tindak tutur; perintah; wacana dalam kelas; speech acts; command; classroom discourse

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v39i2.38

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