DEKONSTRUKSI JENDER DALAM CERPEN ANA AL-MAWT KARYA TAWFIQ AL-HAKIM (GENDER DECONSTRUCTION IN SHORT STORY OF ANA AL-MAWTBY TAWFIQ AL-HAKIM)

Yulia Nasrul Latifi

Abstract


Objek material penelitian ini adalah cerpen modern Mesir yang berjudul Ana al-Mawt karya Tawfiq al-hakim. Objek formalnya adalah kritik sastra feminis dekonstruktif bermetode membaca teliti. Cerpen bercerita mengenai usaha Sang Pemuda untuk bunuh diri berulang-ulang kali, akan tetapi selalu berhasil diselamatkan Sang Gadis meskipun Sang Pemuda Sangat membenci perempuan. Cerpen ini menarik karena gagasan jendernya Sangat kritis. Tujuan penelitian adalah mendekonstruksi gagasan oposisi biner yang menegatifkan perempuan. Metode membaca teliti dipakai untuk merusak oposisi biner yang patriarkal tersebut lalu membalikkannya sebagaimana prinsip dekonstruksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan oposisional yang ada dalam cerpen yang merendahkan perempuan didekonstruksi dengan menghasilkan pola hubungan yang plural, yaitu: perempuan Sangat kuat dan ideal, perempuan lebih tinggi dibandingkan laki-laki, dan pentingnya gagasan egalitarianisme antara laki-laki dan perempuan.

 

The material object of this research is a modern Egyptian short story entitled Ana al-Mawt written by Tawfiq al-Hakim. The formal object is the literary criticism of decostructive feminism using a close reading method. This short story describes a young mans efforts to commit suicide for many times, but a young woman always saves him from the death.However, he really dislikes woman. This short story is intereshing since the idea of gender is very critical. This research aims to deconstruct the binary opposition which considers woman position very negative. The close reading method employs to demolish and to reverse the binary opposition of patriarchal system that is based on deconstruction principles. The result of this analysis reveals that the existed oppositional relation in the short story which undermines woman is deconstructed and it reveals plural relation pattern. The idea of plurality is characterized by the description of many meanings and models of man and woman relationship: woman is very strong and ideal; the capacity of the woman is higher than the man; egalitarianism between man and woman is important.



Keywords


cerpen ‘Ana> al-Mawt’, kritik sastra feminis dekonstruksi, close reading, dan pluralitas makna.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v43i2.112

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